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About GPF

In 1991 (B.E. 2534), following the cabinet’s resolution, the Ministry of Finance, in an effort to reform the then-existing pension scheme for government officials, introduced the central provident fund system. This led to the establishment of the Government Pension Fund under the Government Pension Fund Act B.E. 2539 (AD 1996). Membership is voluntary for officials who entered the government service before the Government Pension Fund Act came into effect on 27 March 1997. For those joining the official service after that date, membership of the fund is mandatory.

Upon leaving government service or entering retirement, GPF members are entitled to two portions of payment. The first is gratuity or pension from the state agencies for which they have served. The second is a lump sum from the GPF, which is made up of member’s personal savings and the government’s additional fund and compensation as well as other benefits from the investments managed by the GPF.

  1. To provide an assurance to government officials with regard to payment of gratuity and pension upon the termination of their official service.
  2. To encourage regular savings amongst members.
  3. To provide welfare programs and other benefits to members

The GPF, established under the Government Pension Fund Act B.E. 2539 (AD 1996), is neither a government agency nor a state-owned enterprise under the law on budgeting. The revenues of the Fund, therefore, are not required to be remitted as the state revenues. The Finance Minister, who takes charge of the GPF Act, performs the functions of governance and supervision of the Fund’s administration, with the Office of the Auditor-General of Thailand acting as the auditor.

  1. Investment-related function : The GPF shall invest the money of the fund with an aim to generate maximum returns within appropriate risk framework in accordance with the objectives of the law and the policy as determined by the Committee.
  2. Member-related function : The GPF shall manage the database of members’ information, the allocation of investment returns, the dissemination of information, the provision of welfare and benefit programs and the transfer of payments and benefits to members upon termination of their membership.

The money of the Fund is comprised of the following:

  1. "Savings": the money saved by a member. Currently, the minimum contribution is 3%. The contribution is deducted from member’ monthly salary and remitted to the Fund by their employer. Members can contribute up to 15% of their monthly salary.
  2. "Additional fund": the money added by the government to a member’s savings. The government, as employer, makes a minimum contribution of 3% (of employee’s monthly salary) taken from the expenditure budget.
  3. "Initial fund": the money provided by the government to the Fund as an additional payment to any member who had been in government service before 27 March 1997, became a member and chose to receive a pension.
  4. "Compensation": the money provided by the government to the Fund as an additional payment to any member who receives a pension upon termination of membership. The contribution is at 2% of a member’s monthly salary.
  5. "Former member’s fund": the money belonging to a member whose membership has ended but wishes to continue to have his or her money managed by the Fund or to receive the entitled payment in instalments. GPF will continue to manage the money that remains within the Fund.
  6. "Reserves": the money allocated by the government as an emergency fund for pension payments. In case of economic crises, the government may order the Fund to remit the money from the reserves account as the state revenues to be paid as officials’ gratuity and pension by virtue of a royal decree, but the government must allot the budget to compensate the money used to the Fund in the following fiscal year.

    The government shall allot an annual expenditure budget in the amount not less than 20 percent of the annual expenditure budget for officials’ gratuity and pension to a reserves account annually until the reserves, general fund and the accruements thereof reach 3 times of the annual expenditure budget for officials’ gratuity and pension. Thereafter, an annual expenditure budget shall be set up to maintain the reserves, general fund and the accruements thereof at the level of 3 times of the expenditure budget for officials’ gratuity and pension in each year. If the reserves, general fund and the accruements thereof are above 3 times of the annual expenditure budget for officials’ gratuity and pension, then such excess money shall be remitted as the state revenues.

  7. "General fund": refers to donated money, account money and unclaimed individual money. It is the money not belonging to any members.
Twelve categories of government officials are GPF members:
  1. Civil officials under the law on civil official rules
  2. Judicial officials under the law on judicial official rules
  3. Public prosecutors under the law on public prosecutor rules
  4. Civil officials in a university under the law on civil officials in the university rules
  5. Public teachers under the law on teacher rules
  6. Ordinary parliamentary officials under the law on ordinary parliamentary official rules
  7. Police officials under the law on police official rules
  8. Military officials under the law on military official rules
  9. Constitution court officials under the law on constitution court office
  10. Administrative court officials under the law on administrative court official rules
  11. Auditor General officials under the law on auditor general official rules
  12. under the law on counter corruption commission official rules


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